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LOW EMISSIONS CAPACITY BUILDING FOR INDONESIA
GIST Advisory has been working with the United Nations Development Program on the "Low Emissions Capacity Building" (LECB) project for Indonesia by integrating green economy trajectories into Indonesia's national development and climate mitigation plans. Green economy models for applicability in rural (piloted in Central Kalimantan) and urban (piloted in Jakarta) contexts have been developed to demonstrate how policy-makers can determine the scope for additional employment creation, equitable growth and revenue generation through sustainable management of natural resources that are present within their provinces.
In Central Kalimantan, where a number of rural households depend on nature, local governments can assess the extent of contribution of natural resources in incomes, test the impacts of planned interventions on incomes and visibly see which policies would result in better livelihoods and well-being of the poor.
In a city context like Jakarta, planners are able to check which initiatives would lead to the greatest improvements for a selected policy goal. For instance, to reduce traffic congestion and emissions several identified solutions like a Mass Rapid Transport system, Park and Ride, etc, can be compared and explored based on passenger increases, reduction in vehicles on roads, fiscal needs for transition infrastructure and overall costs. in addition, vulnerability of the urban poor to natural hazards and pollution can be captured, quantified and lessened based on an analysis of household expenditures to establish support programs in health, construction materials, etc.
At a national level, business as usual versus green economy scenarios are simulated for one, five and ten year timeframes to show how investments in energy efficiency, conservation of forests, organic agriculture, reduction in emissions and incentives for increased private sector participation in sustainability result in higher GDP growth.
Such an analysis at the national and provincial levels lays out a model that can be replicated in other provinces of Indonesia, helps the government to revise any further master plans for economic expansion and growth and effectively supports a transition towards a green economy. Click to read more: English/Bahasa.